ÚČASŤ PEŠIEHO PLUKU 102 ZAISŤOVACEJ DIVÍZIE NA NEMECKÝCH PROTIPARTIZÁNSKYCH AKCIÁCH V JUHOVÝCHODNOM BIELORUSKU V MARCI A ZAČIATKOM APRÍLA 1942
Participation of the 102 Infantry Regiment of the screening division at the German anti-partisan operations in South-eastern Belarus in March and early April 1942
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The author deals with the scarcely processed topic of the involvement of the Slovak Screening Division (SD) in the anti-partisan operations in the occupied territory of the USSR after its transfer under the territorial competence of the Wehrmacht in the Reich Commissariat Ukraine in September 1941. The author states that the direct involvement of SD in the fight against partisans peaked in the first months of 1942. This was connected with the dislocation changes resulting from the German requirement for the Slovak units to participate in the protection of the of the important rail track, Pinsk – Gomeľ, and the anti-partisan operations in the surrounding. During March, the 102 Infantry Regiment of SD was involved into extensive anti-partisan operations of the occupational apparatus, which drastically affected even the local population. The peak of the German-Slovak cooperation at the turn of March and April 1942 was the operation titled Bamberg in South-eastern Belarus, which represented a “pilot” project of the large-scale anti-partisan operations. The nature of the operations was punitive and predatory and affected the civil population prevailingly. The effort for objective interpretation of these events is documented by the fact that the author based his analyses on the German history literature, which have not been considered in this topic as yet.
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