Rola i miejsce barda w pieśni autorskiej Aleksandra Galicza i Jana Krzysztofa Kelusa
The Role and Mission of a Bardin Songsof Alexander Galichand Jan Krzysztof Kelus
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The article is devoted to the role of a bard in the songs of Russian and Polish bards – Alexander Galichand Jan Krzysztof Kelus. The poets treat writing songs as a real power of giving hope to people living in non-democratic systems. In Galicz and Kelus works one can observe “rebellious attitude” characterized by Camus, which refers to the historical situation. The most important source of rebellion expressed in the songs of both artists is evil, both: located in the area of public life in the country and that present in peoples soul. Evil understood as oppression and slavery, injustice, terror, lies, propaganda is revealed, identified and “given a name”. Galich and Kelus talk about the existence of objective truth they wish to reveal. Bards emphasize the importance of relationships, indicate the redemptive power of love. Singers show the existence of human nature, which is inscribed in religiosity, which makes a man looking for the Absolute. Ideals preached by them should be supported by the attitude presented in life. Bard is not only a “prophet”, revealing the truth about the man, but also a model of moral heroism. Therefore, poets often use examples from their own life, talking about persecution, repression difficulties, which are the price for anticonformity. The most important figure of the bard in the songs of Galicz is a trumpeter, acting on behalf of God, convening friends and awakening from apathy and passivity. Thebardshownin the songs ofKelus is primarily “lyrical I”, who on the basis of a number of autobiographical references can be identified with the singer. He is an active oppositionist, repressed and an artist who views his work as a response to the needs of the times in which he lives.
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