Idealistyczno-pozytywna koncepcja zła F. W. J. Schellinga
SCHELLING`S IDEALIST POSITIVE CONCEPT OF EVIL
Languages of publication
The history of philosophy has seen many concepts of evil, one of which is that of the German idealist Friedrich Schelling. This article considers whether evil can be regarded as involving destructive positive content. Schelling's conception emerged in his study of human freedom. In an attempt to reconcile freedom with the reality of evil and a notion of God as the supreme good, he developed a concept of God that possesses only the dynamic element of the will. The source shapelessness of existence, present in God in fragmentary form determines the principle of evil in Him and is the ontological foundation of all evil. According to Schelling, God overcomes evil by means of the love will. Through self-revelation in Man, God arouses his sense of freedom. In man this freedom is subject to division, allowing evil to become a force in the world. Ultimately it is freedom, the divine element in man, that allows him to do evil. Schelling's doctrine on evil is a combination of theological, metaphysical, and moral elements in one coherent argument.
Publication order reference