K úloze institutu landfrýdu v moravském zemském právu na prahu novověku. (Vznik a vývoj landfrýdů a role panovníka)
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THE LANDFRIEDE INSTITUTES IN THE MORAVIAN PROVINCIAL LAW ON THE THRESHOLD OF MODERN PERIOD. (THE ORIGIN AND MAKING OF THE LANDFRIEDEN AND THE SOVEREIGN’S ROLE)
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The Moravian Landfriede institutes represent an important issue as regards legal and political history of Mediaeval and Early Modern Moravia because they represented a significant komponent of the provincial law and the estate establishment throughout the 15th and 16th centuries. As genuine estate institutions, they were removed with post-White Mountain changes of the estate system. So far, only little attention has been paid to the Moravian Landfrieden in the literature. The Landfriede institutes appeared in Moravia in the late 14th century (1396?, 1412 and 1421). They kept thein considerable significance within the Moravian provincial law throughout the entire 15th century which was connected with repeated battles and internal disturbances. Two basic models of the Landfriede developed over the years. The first Landfriede institutes were concluded with the sovereign for a limited period of time and subsequently for the entire length of his rule. The other type of Landfriede was concluded mutually between Moravian estates. It represented temporary but functional solution of stabilisation of internal affairs in the country at the time of anarchy. The content and wording of the Landfriede became standardized in the 1480s.
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