Współczesne imiona osobiste w języku chińskim
CONTEMPORARY PERSONAL NAMES IN THE CHINESE LANGUAGE
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The paper presents some contemporary Chinese personal names and analyses nine types of them. The nine types are the names: (1) reflecting parents’ hopes; (2) with lexemes denoting natural objects, living space and jewels; (3) describing circumstances of birth; (4) denoting time of birth; (5) denoting seniority and generation; (6) based on toponyms; (7) derived from names of famous persons; (8) based on excerptions; (9) lexically connected with surnames. Each of the names analysed belongs to at least one of the four major categories: (1) commendatory names express parents’ wishes for child’s qualities or its future life; (2) commemorative names commemorate persons, events, circumstances or places; (3) descriptive names denote person’s appearance, character or age; (4) associative names describe a person by association with the person’s place of birth, time of birth or by association with a proverb or a work of fiction. The present deliberations are illustrated with 37 personal names.
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