Kontrowersje wokół analizy dyskursu
CONTROVERSIES AROUND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
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The starting point of this contribution is the assumption that there is an overall uncertainty about the use of the term discourse in various disciplines. The author presents different ways of understanding discourse in philosophy (primarily by Habermas and Foucault). The core part of the paper discusses the heterogeneous linguistic concepts of discourse, starting from the idea of discourse as a simple conversation through Critical Discourse Analysis and institutionalised interactions up to textology-based concept of discourse. Particular attention is devoted to the use of the notion of discourse in sociology (and its related disciplines such as historiography, political science and media studies). When describing the concepts of discourse in various disciplines the author draws attention to the varied methods of discourse analysis applied there, including the universal model by Warnke/Spitzmüller. The final section identifies and critically discusses problem areas in discourse studies. The paper also postulates that the current the fascination with Foucault should be abandoned when circumscribing the scope of discourse studies in favour of striving for pragmatic and communicative adequacy.
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