ZTRACENÁ OVCE (MT 18,12–14; LK 15,4–7)
Selected contents from this journal
THE LOST SHEEP (MT 18:12–14; LK 15:4–7)
Languages of publication
The relatively short parable of “The Lost Sheep”, whose versions are not only in the New Testament in the Gospels of Matthew (18:12–14) and Luke (15:4–7), but also in the apo–cryphal Gospel of Thomas (log. 107), poses several questions for its interpreters. For the author of the article, the origin of the parable in the preaching of Jesus and the secondary character of the version in the Gospel of Thomas are sufficiently clear. The oldest form of the text cannot be determined, however, with certainty. Notwithstanding the editorial work of the third evangelist, the context of the parable in Lk 15:4–7 seems to correspond in all probability to the situation in the life of Jesus. He was interested in defending his contacts with those who were considered sinful people because of their life and/or profession. The behaviour of Jesus reveals God’s desire to save these people and his joy over those who are “found”. Thus the message of the parable is primarily Christological, the ecclesiological aspect of the story, which is prominent in the text and context of Mt 18:12–14, can be seen as the logical development of the story told by Jesus.
Publication order reference