TOPOLOGIE TRANSFORMATIVNÍ LOKALIZACE: ODVOZENÍ PERSPEKTIVY SKUPINY Z AMBIVALENCE PERSPEKTIVY PRVNÍ A DRUHÉ OSOBY
Topology of transformative localizing: Deriving the perspective of a group from the ambivalent perspectives of the first and second persons
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The paper aims to propose a phenomenological topological model of collective perspective. In this framework the paper analyses Husserl’s accounts of inter-subjectivity emphasizing the difference between early and late conceptions of Einfühlung. The early conception (until 1916) derives the inter-subjectivity from the localizing of haptic perceptions on my visually perceived body (i.e. from the Körper to Leib-körper transformation). The late, and more famous, conception conceives Einfühlung rather as a direct perception of the other’s expressions. The earlier account inaugurates a specifically transformative aesthesiological-kinetic layer, which is further considered to be a possible basis of inter-subjectivity. The emphasis in the layer-based theory of inter-subjectivity is not laid on the interactivity among two or more agents (as it is in interactivism in contemporary social cognition research), but rather on the subject’s involvement in layers of experience. Consequently, the collective perspective is not derived from the autonomy of interaction, but from a topology of transformative layers.
715 – 725
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