RÍMSKE KOSTENÉ ŠPERKY Z ANTICKEJ GERULATY
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Roman bone jewellery from Gerulata
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Roman provincial jewellery made of bone or antler consists of wide range of objects that can be divided into several groups. The decorative pins belong to the most numerous findings in civil and military environment. They were used in styling hair or joining fabrics. Pearls, charms and amulets of various shapes that adorned neck or hands were produced from bones and antlers. Another group consists of bracelets, pauldrons and rings. The last group consists of earrings and claps; their bony variants were produced in the Roman period. Jewellery made of this type of material appears during the whole Roman period, but their golden age is considered to be mostly the 4th century A.D. A significant increase of combs, needles and bracelets made of bone, antler and ivory on Roman necropolis in this period is linked by many researchers mainly with the Germanic element that influenced events in the north of the Roman Empire. The aim of this paper was to analyse typologically and chronologically a collection of bone jewellery from the graves in cemetery I, II, III and in the contexts of late Roman military camp in the position Bergl in Bratislava-Rusovce (Ancient Gerulata). The analysed group, consisting of approx. 38 pieces, can be divided in functional terms to decorative pins, beads, amulets and bracelets.
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