K HISTORICKÉMU VÝVOJI ORGÁNŮ VEŘEJNÉ ŽALOBY NA ÚZEMÍ ČESKÉ A SLOVENSKÉ REPUBLIKY
Historical development of public action authorities in the Czech and Slovak Republic
Languages of publication
The author describes the circumstances of the genesis and the most important milestones in the historical development of public action authorities both in the Czech and Slovak Republics and the process of their formation to the present form. He focuses on the initial period activitities and tasks of contemporary public action authorities and describes the development of their role, organization and scope during the most significant historical events in the both countries. He reflects a long historical common tradition of public action authorities in both countries. He explains the significance of some differences in various stages of historical development and points at a different method of the present constitutional laying down of these authorities. The contribution is according to the structure divided into five main chapters. In the first chapter the author focuses on the emergence and gradual development of public action authorities from the 15th century to the revolutionary year 1848 and describes their most important tasks. The second chapter deals with the further development in the years 1848 – 1918, primarily characteristic by removing autocracy state influence on the judiciary. The third chapter describes the development in the years 1918 – 1948, marked especially by the second World war and the fourth chapter shows the development in the years 1948 − 1989 during the era of the communist regime. The last chapter is occupied with post-revolutionary development of these authorities in Czechoslovakia and then in two separate republics to the present. A substantial part of the contribution is consisted of extensive passages from the author‘s rigorous thesis.
363 – 378
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