Islam na Soborze Watykańskim II
L’Islam au Concile Vatican II
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Two Counciliar documents deal with the Moslems and Islam: the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church “Lumen Gentium” nr 16, announced by the Council in November, 1964, and the declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christian Religions “Nostra Aetate” nr 3, accepted in October, 1965. The first one says that the Moslems who worship the one and merciful God belong to the people of God. The declaration deals especially with Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and the Jewish religion. It emphasizes that the Moslems adore the one God, living and subsisting in himself, merciful and all-powerful, who is the Creator of heaven and earth. They revere Jesus as a prophet and they also honour Mary and even call on her with devotion. At the beginning of the Council the Secretariat for Promoting of Christian Unity, which was responsible for the preparation of that declaration, considered an elaboration of an originally very short statement on Jews. After the discussion during the second and third sessions (in 1963 and 1964) it prepared a longer document describing also the relation of the Church to other religions mentioned above. The article shows the Counciliar discussion on the declaration “Nostra Aetate” in the perspective of Islam and it explains the final version of that part of the document.
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