Literární věda na cestě od hermeneutiky k mediální kulturní vědě
LITERARY STUDIES ON THE PATH FROM HERMENEUTICS TO MEDIA CULTURE STUDIES
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This is the record of a talk given by Siegfried J. Schmidt at the Institute of Czech Literature, Prague, to mark the launch of his Přesahování literatury, Czech translations by Zuzana Adamová of his ‘Allgemeine Literaturwissenschaft - ein Entwurf und die Folgen’, (1999), ‘Medienkulturwissenschaft’ (1996), with an Afterword by Michael Wörgerbauer. The author presents his view of the changes in German literary studies since the end of the Second World War, and explains his own role in the events that resulted in alternative approaches to researching literature, which defined themselves in opposition to the traditional approaches. The author discusses his ‘Empiric Theory of Literature’, which shifted the focus of research in literary studies from the text to the system of literature (comprising the social system of literature and the semiotic system of literature). The ETL requires that literary studies be based on explicit, absolutely empirical theories. In another part of the paper, the author elucidates the development of empirical literary studies and focuses on the consequences of the media turnaround, which led to media cultural studies and their concern with media epistemology, the history of media, the history of media culture, and research on transculturality and interculturality.
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