PROSPECTING METHODS ACTIVITIES IN 2010 – 2012
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Aerial archaeology, one of the important non-destructive methods of prospection, has recently achieved an unprecedented progress in Europe, also in connection with the development of techniques and technologies. It includes complexes of diverse techniques and solutions in the investigation, discoveries and reconstructions of archaeological landscape. Satellite images, aerial photography for orthophotomaps, LIDAR and oblique aerial photographs made from small heights; all these methods have their advantages, and their combinations are an ideal source for the creation of archaeological landscape. Slovakia has joined the cooperation at the time when aerial prospection began to be implemented as a systematic prospection in the Institute of Archaeology of SAS in Nitra. Despite many technical limitations associated with the applicable regulations and legislation at that time, it can be said that the cooperation has been under way since 1987. The years 1997 – 1998 saw the first project supported by the EU under the programme RAPHAEL – Treasures of our common past in Europe – history written in earth. A common traveling exhibition realized in several countries (United Kingdom, Germany, Czech Republic and Hungary) was successfully presented also in several cities in Slovakia (Bratislava, Nitra, Liptovský Mikuláš, Komárno). As one of 19 institutions from 12 countries, we participated in international cooperation again in the years 2000 – 2007 under the program CULTURE 2000. The currently implemented project – within the program CULTURE – ArchaeoLanscapes – started in 2010 and will run until September 2015. The participation of the Institute of Archaeology of the SAS in Nitra in the project is through the prospection of Žitný ostrov, the largest river island in Central Europe.
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