Federalism, Agitation for Resource Decentralization and Conflicts in Nigeria’s Oil Producing Niger Delta
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While federalism remains resilience in Nigeria, there has arisen trend towards call for greater autonomy by ethno-national movements in southern Nigeria. Many of these movements had emerged amidst the suffocating repression witnessed under successive military dictatorships. While the return to democratic rule in 1999 brought back measurable freedom of speech, association and popular participation, it has failed to yield the socio-economic dividends envisaged by people in the Niger Delta and across Nigeria. Relying on data collated from published newspapers interviews, articles, opinion pieces, editorials and other published academic works, this study assess the centrality of the agitation for resource control in the face-off between people of the Niger Delta and the Nigerian state. Based on these documentations the study tries to infer the place of fiscal decentralization as a factor in the simmering conflict in Nigeria’s oil region.
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