Na pograniczu Śląska Cieszyńskiego i Galicji. Działalność ks. Stanisława Stojałowskiego w Białej i Bielsku w latach 1891-1911
On the border between Cieszyn Silesia and Galicia. The activities of priest Stanisław Stojałowski in Biała and Bielsko in the 1891-1911 period
Languages of publication
Of the activities of priest Stanisław Stojałowski (1845-1911), an outstanding Polish national activist in the Austrian partition the period between 1891 and 1911 is the least well known. He spent that time in two neighbouring cities Biała (located in Galicia) and Bielsko in Cieszyn Silesia. He stimulated the awareness of being Polish in the nationally and socially ignorant workers and craftsmen of the area. He started his activities in Biała, in 1891, by creating workers associations, which were self-help, economical and unionising organisations. Later he subordinated them to the National-Christian Party (Stronnictwo Chrześcijańsko-Ludowe), which he created in 1896. In 1902 he extended his activities to Bielsko, wherein he started the Polish House (Dom Polski), in which the activities of Polish and Catholic organisations, including their educational and cultural activities concentrated. Since 1897 Stojałowski was a delegate to the Galician Sejm in Lemberg (Lviv), he became a member of the State Council in Vienna in 1902. His activities were opposed by the authorities of Bielsko and Biała. Said authorities wanted to thwart the development of Polish movements in both towns, the population of which was largely German. His activities were also opposed by social-democratic unions of both Austrian and Polish socialists, seeing as they competed with his associations for the political influence among the labourers of Bielsko and Biała. Said attacks deepened anti-German and anti-socialist sentiments of his opinions as well the content of his articles published in the weekly periodical „Wieniec – Pszczółka”.
Publication order reference