OBSAZOVÁNÍ BISKUPSKÝCH STOLCŮ V HABSBURSKÉ MONARCHII NA PŘELOMU 19. A 20. STOL. NA PŘÍKLADU OLOMOUCKÉHO ARCIBISKUPSTVÍ PO REZIGNACI ARCIBISKUPA KOHNA
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THE OCCUPATION OF EPISCOPAL SEES IN THE HABSBURG MONARCHY IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE ARCHBISHOPRIC OF OLOMOUC...
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Representatives of secular power were always interested in retaining control over the occupation of the Episcopal See. This was also true in the Habsburg monarchy, where the bishops were appointed by the Emperor and the Pope had to either confirm or not confirm the candidate proposed by the Emperor. The Archdiocese of Olomouc was a special case. The chapter of Olomouc had the privilege of free election of the Archbishops, who were either elected from the canons of the chapter or the canons postulated another candidate. During the last truly free election, Archbishop Theodor Kohn was elected. His episcopate was not particularly successful and he had to resign (1904). During the negotiations concerning his resignation, The Holy See and government in Vienna began to look for a suitable candidate for the vacant see. Both sides agreed on Bishop Bauer, who was consequently appointed archbishop of Olomouc. After the death of Archbishop Bauer (died 1915), the Archbishop of Prague Skrbenský was postulated to the post of Archbishop of Olomouc.
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