FACIES DILECTI SUI FILIJ IESU, FACIEI IACOBI SIMILIS. ON THE SOURCES OF THE BAROQUE ICONOGRAPHY OF THE CANONS OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE IN POLAND
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A review of the baroque iconography of various orders of the knights of the Cross (inter alia with the red heart, with the red star) reveals that their imagery was based on the motives and scenes typical of Christian art – like the Wood of Cross, its founders (St. Helene, St. Macarius) and defenders (Constantine the Great, Heraclius, holy knights). However, the study of written sources created by these communities (legends, historiography and panegyrics) reveals that these widespread themes reflected not only their piety, but also contained significant political allusions connected with their position in the ecclesiastical and secular hierarchy. The aim of this paper is to describe this phenomenon on the selected examples of the baroque iconography of the Canons of the Holy Sepulchre (called the Knights with the double Red Cross or the Guardians of the Holy Sepulchre) in Poland (Miechow, Lezajsk, Przeworsk, Gorzno or Chelm on the Raba).
226 – 241
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