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2015 | 63 | 4 | 629 - 647
Article title

ROMANIA’S ATTITUDE CONCERNING CMEA SPECIALIZATION (1960-1962). NEW ASSESSMENTS

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Is it worth exporting corn and fodder in exchange for toys and cosmetics? It was a question Gheorghiu-Dej of Romania asked himself, when confronted with increasing East German demands for agricultural exports. He was keen on overcoming underdevelopment through a vast program of industrialization in order to overcome the status of a predominantly agricultural country but he perceived his CMEA partners to be opposing this prospect. In the context of increasing economic difficulties in the Soviet bloc in the early 1960s, an idea was circulated that specialization would help increase efficiency so that Socialist countries could successfully compete on Western markets. But the meaning of specialization appeared different for each country: Gheorghiu-Dej thought that Romania deserved an equal status with other more developed nations of the Soviet bloc, but it soon became clear to him that they had different views. His perception was that the East Germans and Czechoslovaks wanted Romania to remain a provider of agricultural products and hold off its industrialization plans, but he could not accept that. This study argues that intra-CMEA competition between developed and less developed member countries played a major role in compromising the reforms planed by Moscow in the early 1960s.
Year
Volume
63
Issue
4
Pages
629 - 647
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Faculty of Humanities, Department of History, University Valahia, 35 Lt. Stancu Ion, Târgovişte130105, Romania
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-a361f5c5-4a21-4a12-a9c4-ed4aa9c4c294
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