Kontrola konstytucyjności prawa pochodnego Unii Europejskiej
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CONSTITUTIONALITY REVIEW OF EU SECONDARY LEGISLATION
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This article is a response to the judgment of the Constitutional Tribunal of 16 November 2011 (ref. no. SK 45/09), in which it declared itself for constitutional review of legislation adopted by EU institutions. The author examines the admissibility of the review of constitutionality of secondary legislation of the European Union, performed in the course of proceedings initiated by a constiutional complaint. This procedure is principally regulated by Article 79(1) of the Constitution, which states that any normative act applied by a public administration authority may be subject to such review. The author . The author seeks to answer the question whether a legal act of the European Union other than a regulation (e.g. (decision, directive) may be considered a normative act within the meaning of. Article 79 ( 1) of the Constitution. The review of EU legislation is limited to situations where the standard of protection of individual rights is below the level of protection prescribed by the standards of the Constitution. This is because it creates a minimum level of protection of individual rights. As concerns the consequences of any finding of unconstitutionality of a secondary legislation, the author advocates the adoption by national public authorities of measures to remedy the deficiencies and efforts to change EU law and even constitutional amendments. According to the author, the issue is the admissibility of review by the Constitutional Trubunal of acts established by the EU institutions as normative acts, which may be subject of questions of law submitted by the courts under Article 193 of the Constitution.
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