FISH NAMES IN ESTONIAN: SCIENTIFIC VERSUS COMMON
The article gives an overview of the evolution of Estonian fish names, bringing to the fore the principles of naming fish from the point of view of both popular and scientific categorisation, and juxtaposing with the principles of classification of fish names by other peoples. The standard formal Estonian fish names started to be coined in the 1920s, when native-language terminology was created. Name-selection was often based on the example of other languages, especially German terminology. Estonian popular (dialect) names are based on local and popular categorisations, whereas the main emphasis is on the characteristic features of the fish.
Institute of the Estonian Language, Roosikrantsi 6, 10119 Tallinn, ESTONIA
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