RÜCKWANDERUNGSDYNAMIKEN UND TRANSNATIONALE FAMILIÄRE NETZWERKE: ERFAHRUNGEN VON REMIGRANTINNEN IN DER TÜRKEI
Return migration and transnational family networks
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In this contribution, based on a qualitative research conducted in 2008 – 2009 in Ankara and Antalya (Turkey), return migration from Germany to Turkey is analysed. Different dynamics are elaborated. A central return motive is the worsening situation on the German labour market and considerations concerning a possible improvement of social status in the return context. Main question is, in how far family migration networks are explanatory for a discussion of differences in return and circular migration patterns? Among others a comparison was made concerning 1) motives, values, emotional affiliations (longing for a home) and 2) circumstances resulting in circular migration strategies or reasons for a permanent settlement in the return context, i.e. educational and job opportunities and also marriage. Gender and generational differences were considered. The decision to return or to engage in circular migration strongly depends on the place of residence of the family members and material and immaterial supports provided by the family. Transnational family- and migration networks, the interconnection of different migrant generations, the exchange of different migration experiences and the resulting transfer of economic, social, cultural and symbolic capital has to be mentioned as important. In addition the legal embeddedness in Germany (residence permits, citizenship, welfare benefits, etc.) as well as better chances on the Turkish labour market and better educational opportunities (school/university) in Turkey turned out to be decisive.
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