The edition includes the available letters of Jaroslav Bakeš (1871–1930) sent by the Austro-Hungarian post in the period of time 1902–1909 while he worked as head physician in Třebíč for eight years. His personal views, more than a hundred years old, constitute an interesting complementing source of information making it possible to better know the author’s life and his era. His private and family conditions, his professional medical activities and the level of the contemporary practical medicine are depicted. Bakeš’s talent for surgery was developed by his teacher Eduard Albert in Vienna’s General Hospital, and Bakeš brought the tradition of that school to Moravia. He became an outstanding surgeon in the hospitals of Třebíč (1902–1909) and Brno (1909–1930), taught at the local Czech Technical College (1906–1922), held lectures at surgery congresses both inside the country and abroad, improved several operating procedures, designed medical tools and instruments, and wrote innovative papers for renowned Czech and German professional magazines. In his free time, he also liked hunting and collecting minerals. Later, he became renowned for having co-founded a unique cancer-treating institute, known as the Masaryk Consolation House, which was built on the Yellow Hill in Brno and opened in January, 1935 (its tradition continues today in the Masaryk Institute of Oncology). The edition of his letters is an interesting contribution to the information about the author’s life and family, and also about practical medicine as well as the social, political and ethnic situation in southern Moravia in the early 20th century.