Wiara a alienacja w myśli Slawoja Žižka
FAITH AND ALIENATION IN THE THOUGHT OF SLAVOJ ŽIŽEK
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My paper is concerned with the problem of the self-alienation of a religious person in the light of Slavoj Žižek's idea of the subject. The Slovenian thinker's theory is an example of the much broader stream of the alienational critique of religion, which is rooted in the philosophy of Hegel and represented by such thinkers as Feuerbach, Marx, Nietzsche and Freud. Žižek claims that religious faith makes human existence inauthentic and deceitful. He takes the perspective of Lacanian psychoanalysis and develops his own theory based on Lacan's distinction between the Symbolic, the Real, and the Imaginary. According to Žižek, we face a paradoxical situation in our present culture. On the one hand, deep and „inner” faith is dying. On the other hand, however, faith, far from loosing its power, is gaining even greater control over man and is taking on new forms. One of these forms, which has become popular in our times is the pure external, conformist, cynical, and instrumental form of religious faith. Žižek (inspired by Lacan) analyses this phenomenon using the concept of the subject situated „outside”, namely in the Symbolic. He argues that the contemporary subject, contrary to what may seem to be the case, is still much involved in faith and religion. Moreover, cynical faith is a much greater pitfall than deep faith.
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