Eksterminacja Żydów w powiecie tureckim w latach 1941-1942
EXTERMINATION OF JEWS IN TUREK DISTRICT IN 1941-1942
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On the basis of witness testimony, the author seeks to reconstruct the history of the establishment and the conditions prevailing in „Czachulec” ghetto. It was one of three rural ghettos set up in Nazi-occupied Poland. It existed from 20 October 1941 to 20 July 1942. It covered an area of 1711 hectares and was home to some 3,500 Jews from Turek district. Most of them perished in the nearby extermination camp at Chełmno on the Ner. The article portrays a wide array of attitudes of Polish farmers living in the vicinity of the ghetto: from altruistic postures to exploiting the Jews’ plight for profit to regular denunciations.
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