PL EN


2012 | 73 | 1 | 13-46
Article title

Komparativ v korpusu: explanace morfematické struktury českého stupňování na základě frekvence tvarů

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
COMPARATIVES IN THE CORPUS: AN EXPLANATION OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF COMPARISON IN CZECH ON THE BASIS OF FREQUENCY OF FORMS
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this paper is to thoroughly investigate the morphological marking of comparative and superlative synthetic forms of Czech adjectives and to show the role of frequency in explaining their structure. Based on functional usage-based approaches (the role of frequency effects and the relationship between frequency asymmetries and universal morphosyntactic asymmetries) and on natural written data from the Czech National Corpus, eight hypotheses on the relationship between frequency and the formal marking of Czech comparison forms were formulated. The main part of the text consists of a detailed analysis and examination of the given hypotheses, and, additionally, a complete classification of comparative forms in order to explore some of the frequency effects. The paper reaches two major conclusions: 1) the reducing frequency effect plays a significant role among comparative forms, and 2) frequency contributes to an explanation of the formal relations in individual types (classes of comparative forms). In general, frequency is revealed to be a good analytical tool which may, under controlled conditions, indicate and explain why language structures are the way they are.
Contributors
author
  • ULUG FF UK, nám Jana Palacha 2, Praha, 116 38, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-a7718506-2eeb-4932-ab36-4987d3ed77d8
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.