SOKOLSTVO AKO MODEL INTERKULTURÁLNEJ SPOLUPRÁCE
“Sokol” movement as a model of intercultural cooperation
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This paper is based on the analysis of cultural cooperation between the Serbian and Czech nations in terms of theoretical observations of cultural characteristics of the “Sokol” movement or social organization that emerged in the early twentieth century along with the process of national awakening of the Slavic peoples, and contemporary trends that initiated its renewal in Serbia. The “Sokol” movement was a Slavonic national organization, with societies in all Slavic countries. The movement’s task was to educate its members in the spiritual and national unity of their body, guided by the principles of morality, ethics, aesthetics and democracy in terms of ideas, set by its founder Miroslav Tyrš. The idea of Tyrš’s “Sokol” movement could be defined as the whole idea of comprehensive education of individuals, covering both their spiritual and physical activities in accordance with the characteristics derived from a synthesis of national feelings, cultural cooperation, harmony, and the height of one‘s ideals. The Czech “Sokol” movement was an expression of the national resistance and unity of all Slavs. The Serbian “Sokol” movement strove to equate “Sokol” thinking with Serbian ideas of the liberation, unity and progress of the whole Serbian nation. The movement constituted part of the rich cultural traditions of the Czech and Serbian peoples. Theoretically, the outcome of the work would be reflected in the form of descriptions of the origin, dynamics and effects of the Slavonic association of two cultures through this movement. At the same time we must not lose sight of the fact that theoretical observations can be a significant advantage but not a sufficient condition for the successful consideration of the studied effects of cultural cooperation between the Serbian and Czech nations.
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