SLOVENSKÝ LOKAJ NA VIEDENSKOM DVORE A JEHO VIRTUÁLNY ŽIVOT V MAĎARSKEJ POLITIKE A KULTÚRE
Slovak servant at the Vienna court and his virtual life in the Hungarian politics and culture
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Anton Szmolen (1856 – 1939) worked as a servant at the Vienna court of the Emperor Franz Joseph from the 1894 to 1910. Therefore, his manuscript memoirs are a remarkable source of information on how a Slovak came into immediate proxi-mity to the monarch and his family, and how he remained loyal practically until his death. No less interesting is the mystification around this person, which made Szmolen’s memoirs an excellent example of manipulation and distortion, which he even believed himself to some extent. Even more interesting than his military and court career is the virtual life of Anton Szmolen. In the 20th century Hungarian political and intellectual discourse, his name became a symbol of Vienna, the hated court clique and its arrogance. He appeared in this function in caricatures in humorous magazines, in the theatre, songs and parliament. The Emperor and Vienna were indirectly attacked through Szmolen. This symbol also survived beyond the period of Szmolen’s service and even the fall of the Monarchy. Szmolen’s name was gradually transformed and acquired a wider meaning as a symbol of treason, lackeyism and service to foreign powers. It was used with this meaning even in the recent past.
401 – 428
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