Refleksje nad związkiem pomiędzy filozofią a teologią
Some reflections on the relation between philosophy and theology
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I approach the question of how we are to understand the relation between philosophy and theology by focusing upon a recent trend in contemporary philosophy of value. The position in question is a form of naturalism, but it stands opposed to scientism and presupposes an atheistic framework. We arrive at a conception of nature and of philosophy which is much broader than that assumed by the scientific naturalist, and I consider whether this underlying expansive approach can be exploited in a theological direction. I argue that there are good reasons for taking seriously this possibility, and that these reasons do not violate the conditions imposed by our protagonists. On this approach then, we are led to take seriously the idea that nature is God-involving and that theology is significant to philosophy, and we arrive at this position by exploiting arguments which are advanced from within an atheistic framework. The only constraint is that we stand prepared to reject scientific naturalism. It remains to be seen whether this theistic defence can be further developed and justified, but I suggest some bad reasons for resisting this line of thought, and end on a note of philosophical and theological optimism.
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