GROTESKNO HAŠKOVÝCH CESTOVNÍCH POVÍDEK
Grotesque elements in Hašek´s short travel stories
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The article is focused on important part of Jaroslav Hašek´s work inspired by his travels made before the WW I around Central Europe, Eastern parts of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the Balkans. The 1955 edition of these proses was titled „Črty, povídky a humoresky z cest“ (The Sketches, Short Stories and Humorous Writings). In comparison with the views highlighting the factual documentary-like nature of these proses or, on the contrary, those emphasising the autonomous structures, the present article assumes Hašek´s knowledge of the travel literature structures and their links to life events. However, these events when transformed often mock the travel literature paradigms, support the construction of the comic world (the created comic elements along with fantasy elements, „ludic“ inventions), which is mainly affected by two parallel factors: a) the ability to notice potentially comic aspects of the reality b) grotesque-like distortion of numerous occurrences using a particular style (comic, parodic, absurd combination of details, situations, utterances etc.). The analyses focusing on the „technique“ of unserious writing used in the short stories with documentary elements, where chance encounters and unimportant events become opportunities to create anecdotic sequences and humorous sketches which feature – besides food and alcohol – various tourist guides as the leading „agents“, the funniest characters of Hašek´s short travel stories.
181 – 198
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