DVAJA VYSOKÍ ŠTÁTNI ÚRADNÍCI – DVA INTEGRAČNÉ POKUSY – DVE „IMPERIÁLNE KARIÉRY“? (KNIEŽA KARL SCHWARZENBERG A GRÓF EMANUEL PÉCHY V SEDMOHRADSKU)
Two high state officials – two integration attempts – two “imperial careers”? (Prince Karl Schwarzenberg and Count Emanuel Péchy in Transylvania)
Languages of publication
The struggle over Transylvania between the Hungarian political elites and the central state authorities in Vienna had various forms in the period starting with the revolution of 1848-49. Incorporation of Transylvania into the Kingdom of Hungary or the opposite process of its direct administration by Vienna represented the competing integration projects. They were promoted by various high state officials, usually representatives of the aristocracy and high ranking army officers. Their life stories and careers are good example for the statement that behind the top politicians was a large group of loyal bureaucrats, who served the regime, joined one regime with the next and kept the whole system running. It was not always a matter of the most important personalities, but their careers as loyal bureaucrats may supplement and clarify the overall picture of the Empire and the collected biographies of officials may contribute to clarifying the mechanisms of its functioning. The study devotes detailed attention to various generals and aristocratic officials, especially on two of the most typical representatives placed in charge of Transylvania: Prince Karl von Schwarzenberg and Count Emanuel Péchy. The route from the pre-modern to the modern state was characterized by continuity and effective bureaucratic and military control over its own territory, in this case over Transylvania.
447 – 470
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