The article presents a study of a most interesting case of recent analysis of the cultural history of literature in Poland, in the form of a book by Witold Wojtowicz Między literaturą a kulturą. Studia o „literaturze mieszczańskiej” przełomy XVI i XVII wieku (Szczecin 2010). The text has been divided into four chapters. The first one contains an analysis of Wojtowicz’s book carried out by means devised for analysing an academic text according to Author-Network Theory (ANT). The second chapter presents the phenomenon mentioned in the title in its negative context, which is hermeneutics and its postulate of “fusion of horizons”. Finally, in the third and fourth chapter, there follows an analysis of how the author perceives the terms which are the most important for him and his book, as well as the cultural history of literature as a whole: culture and literature.