The article upon the title Vergilio Ferreira, Camoes, Plato and the others, or about restitution of the lost meanings in the culture of modern Europe, methodolgically focused on selected ideas within the History of Ideas (memory, reminiscence, invention, palinody) postulates the return to the metaphysical ontology and the patrimony of Christian thought in European culture having as a starting-point an approach to the view-points of Vergilio Ferreira in respect of Camoes´ works as represented in the article Teria Camoes lido Platao (Coimbra 1942). At the beginning, we find the panorama of the Author’ s biographical and novelesque inventions legible in the novels by V. Ferreira written under the inspiration of existentialism, particularly in the Polish translation of Aparicao (Objawienie, Kraków 1979) and in the works of main Portuguese prosewriters of the XXth century: José Cardoso Pires, José Saramago, Antonio Lobo Antunes. The article restores the memory about the main interpretation streams in the lyrical Camoenian masterpieces (the biographical and the Platonic ones, being the latter explicitly adopted by the Author in question). Of greater importance for the objective of the present article – restitution of the lost meanings in the culture of modern Europe – should be evoking Ferreira’ s ideas upon the national integrity of Portuguese people, expressed in the volume Camoes and the National Identity (Lisbon 1983). The text reevaluates main streams in the national and world-wide Camoenian studies.