Tożsamość narodowa i międzynarodowa w kontekście polskiej prezydencji w Unii Europejskiej. Ujęcie konstruktywistyczne
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National and International Identity in the Context of Polish Presidency of the European Union – Constructivism-based Approach
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The issue of identity is one of key categories within social sciences, and in view of international relations, it acquires both functional and theoretical value. In international relations theory, the position of conceptual trends investigating national and state-national identity has been consolidated since the quarter of the last century, which may result from, inter alia, a renaissance of social interest in finding an answer to such questions as: who am I, what do I identify with, and what community do I associate my interests with. Own characteristics, views, aspirations, needs and interests are developed within identifications processes, which is indirectly reflected in created institutions, social order, political and economic systems1. However, it should be understood that a historical change implies an identity change as it is modelled according to metamorphoses, which a state’s surroundings undergo. Identity is also worth being considered as a relation between a historically determined set of values and the process of individuals becoming subjectively conscious of them. As a result, a sense of collective identity is a sense of belonging to a community, even if it is based on ideas. As a rule, two aspects of collective identity are developed with the participation of political institutions: signs of solidarity among community members and clearly distinguished and consolidated borders with the external world.
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