The article highlights a number of essential aspects connected with the EU engagement in solving regional crises in North Africa. The author shows that the EU does not have at its disposal adequate and sufficient instruments that could be deployed in reaction to the emerging threats to stability, peace and security in the region. It is emphasized that the EU member states which sometimes act unilaterally take into consideration the specificity of the Arab states and try to exert within the framework of their capacities a constructive influence towards reducing threats to the security of particular countries and the whole region, especially those of an asymmetrical character. A seminal example of such an engagement, discussed in the article, was the case of Libya. On the one hand it revealed the EU’s highly effective contribution to resolving the humanitarian crises, while on the other hand it exposed the insufficiency of the international community’s political-military commitment towards a prompt resolution of the Libyan crisis.