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2011 | 7 | 108-119

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Top-down contingent feature-specific orienting with and without awareness of the visual input

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In the present article, the role of endogenous feature-specific orienting for conscious and unconscious vision is reviewed. We start with an overview of orienting. We proceed with a review of masking research, and the definition of the criteria of experimental protocols that demonstrate endogenous and exogenous orienting, respectively. Against this background of criteria, we assess studies of unconscious orienting and come to the conclusion that so far studies of unconscious orienting demonstrated endogenous feature-specific orienting. The review closes with a discussion of the role of unconscious orienting in action control.






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  • Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Germany
  • Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Paderborn, Germany


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