The article presents selected results of research conducted at universities in the Opole Voivodship among foreign students. It included foreign students in the full cycle at the bachelor or master's degree. This topic was considered important because of the demographic changes in Poland and the growing interest in higher education in recruitment of foreign students, mainly from outside the European Union. The objective of the research was to identify the factors that attract foreigners to study in Poland and Opole province, identify barriers to their education in Poland and to establish whether they would be interested in staying in the Opole region or in Poland after study. It has been established that the main reason for the students from outside the European Union to study in Poland is the possibility of obtaining a diploma which is recognized in the European Union, which gives a better career start. The biggest barrier to study in Poland is the need to meet several formal requirements (including translation of documents). Over 1/3 of respondents intend to stay after graduation in Opole province, but the same group does not have definite plans for the future after graduation.