For the purposes of this paper, the author defines technology as a society‘s constantly developing activity focusing on manufacturing processes and related conditions. As such, technology has always closely followed the society‘s development in general and the broadening of its scientific horizons in particular and it has always been inexorably tied to philosophy. The documentation of technology in a museum environment must be viewed as a part of the scientific effort which must be very well documented. Museums of technology emerged gradually as the society‘s interest in technology in general deepened in the Age of Discovery and the subsequent Industrial Evolution. In the historic lands of the Czech crown, the emergence of museums in general and technology museums is tied to the nationalist revival and the related expansion of education to a wider share of the population which is reflected in their nature and scope. The period of 1989 then sees a wider proliferation of technology museums to such extent that while a basic typology of such museums can be established, there are institutions of this type which are very difficult to classify and label.