The author of the essay attempts to identify the kind of philosophical anthropology that theology needs today. Because of the complexity of the human being and its transcendence there is – within the boundaries of the anthropological philosophy – a need for a continuous search for the answers to the questions about man. In his analysis of the problem the author concludes that the task of the anthropological philosophy should be reflection on the man’s ontological structure and his auto transcendence. Since Christian anthropology should be primarily concerned with the principal characteristics of the human being, it means a return to the metaphysics; the metaphysics which is not only the very core of the Christian philosophy, but also and foremost the widest and ultimate – on the mind’s level – knowing of truth. Among the tasks of the philosopher undertaking a reflection on man is a multifaceted clarification of the phenomenon of morality. The anthropological philosophy, apart from its metaphysical core, must be enhanced by a personalistic trait – phenomenological, existential and dialogical. The essential moments of the human existence, like evil and suffering, hope and despair, freedom and law, or its agapetical dimension, should all find their place in the reflection of that philosophy. There is a need to build such anthropological reflection which would be based on the paradigm of vocation and responsibility. Anthropology should also contain a sapiential trait as its mode of the search for the ultimate and comprehensive sense of human life, and correspond with the Word of God.