The contribution deals with the columns by the roads with religious figural compositions in Orava region. We assess the preconditions for the origin and development of their creation, especially the strong counter-reform process in the area. The basis of the study is the extensive mapping of objects in the field, the determination of their basic formal, structural and stylistic features, more accurate localization as well as the processing of their iconographic program. From the time point of view, we focus on the period starting 1705, when the oldest column in Trstená was built, until 1917, when the newest column in Horná Zubrica is dated. We have divided this framework definition into three shorter stages, in which we describe individual realizations and evaluate their characteristic features.