In the article the authors consider the work and functioning of the institutions of the labor market. Data are presented concerning research into the labor market in the border region of the Lublin Province. Apart from public and non-public institutions of labor market, experts’ opinions about services of the labor market and instruments of labor market in the sub-region, a characteristics of employers, economic subjects and partners in the labor market is presented. The results unambiguously show that the instruments offered by the studied institutions are of a low quality, and their efficiency is low too. The obtained data point to the need of a greater activity of non-public institutions of the labor market and of the District Employment Agencies.