Meadow songs (lúčne piesne, trávnice) are a folk song genre which was widespread in the mountain regions of Slovakia, as part of the traditional song repertoire of women. They caught the attention of collectors and composers, in connection with the formation of a Slovak national and cultural identity in the 19th century. During the 20th century they acquired a central significance for several generations of Slovak composers. The traditional singing of the meadow songs gave inspiration to composers in terms of musical form, multipart singing, metre and rhythm, harmony, sonorousness, and the line-up of singers in the choir. Taking the example of selected composers and their compositions for choirs, an analysis is made of the diverse approaches in their treatment of the folk model. The analysis identified several stages in the composers’ work with folk material: from simple arrangements to re-stylisations where the composer has altered the original folk tune more significantly.