PL EN


2016 | 292 | 32-52
Article title

Premia płacowa z tytułu zatrudnienia w sektorze publicznym w Polsce

Content
Title variants
EN
Public sector wage premium in Poland
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Przeciętne wynagrodzenie w sektorze publicznym przewyższa wynagrodzenie uzyskiwane przez pracowników sektora prywatnego. Jednak w dużej mierze różnica ta może być związana ze specyfiką struktury zatrudnienia w tym sektorze. Sektor publiczny charakteryzuje się wyższym przeciętnym poziomem wykształcenia swoich pracowników oraz dłuższym średnim stażem pracy, co – w kontekście teorii kapitału ludzkiego – pozwala wyjaśniać obserwowane wyższe przeciętne płace w sektorze publicznym. Celem tego artykułu jest ustalenie, w jakim stopniu obserwowane różnice w płacach są wynikiem zróżnicowanej struktury zatrudnienia. Wykorzystano w nim dane z BAEL do 2013 r. oraz metodę dekompozycji zaproponowana przez Blindera i Oaxacę, aby pokazać, że premia netto z tytułu pracy w sektorze publicznym (przy kontroli struktury zatrudnienia) jest ujemna. Dotyczy to zwłaszcza kobiet, osób z wyższymi kwalifikacjami oraz najmłodszych pracowników.
EN
The average salary in the public sector in Poland exceeds received by private sector employees. However, to a large extent a public sector wage premium may be attributed to the specificity of the employment structure in the sector. The public sector is characterized by a higher average level of education of its employees and longer tenure, which – in the context of human capital theory – may explain the observed higher average wages in the public sector. The purpose of this article is to establish to what extent the observed differences in wages are the result of diverse employment structures in both sectors. It uses data from the Labour Force Survey for 2013, and the method of decomposition proposed by Blinder and Oaxaca, to show that the net public sector wage premium (while controlling the structure of employment) is negative. This result refers particularly to women, employees with the highest qualifications and young people.
Year
Volume
292
Pages
32-52
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Warszawski. Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych. Katedra Makroekonomii i Teorii Handlu Zagranicznego
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2083-8611
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-b5afa1e1-c280-4608-a8b3-5e5eca8c144f
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