Using a gravity model, this article explores the determinants driving stocks of international migrants from developing countries in Czechia and in Slovakia. It presents an overview of international migration to both countries between the years 2006 and 2015 including the major countries of origin. It also proposes a brief discussion of different migration theories that can be used to explain the number of international migrants in both destinations. The gravity model used throughout the study includes four groups of explanatory variables: standard gravity variables, economic, institutional and those that approximate mutual relationships. The results show that the number of migrants in both destinations increases with higher GDP per capita and population in the countries of origin. Furthermore, mutual links such as trade or distance between the destinations and the countries of origin are significant as well. While only developing countries were selected for this analysis, this model provides a useful exploratory tool that can help with further analyses of migration flows to different countries and regions.
Palacký University Olomouc, Faculty of Science, Křížkovského 511/8, 771 47 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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