The aim of this paper is a vivid capture of the paradox phenomenon: promotion of the mimicking of the Soviet example, largely on political grounds, was most massively demonstrated in the 1950s and during the “normalisation” period , which had a largely negative impact upon national culture life. However, the situation turned in the 1980s. The socio-political development in the Soviet Union ushered in reform endeavours and it opened up to outstanding culture activity. Czechoslovak power structures did not know how to react to a new situation. Fascinating regrouping in the polarisation of formal culture and dissent takes place, however, a sweeping change in the social climate and the thawing of souls appears to be a slow process. In the retrospect, the authoress probes into the issue, and attempts to analyse the reception of Soviet theatrical productions and drama texts in Slovak theatre and in art schooling of the latter half of the 1980s.