POLITIKY VÝSKUMU A VÝVOJA V NOVÝCH ČLENSKÝCH ŠTÁTOCH EURÓPSKEJ ÚNIE
Research and development policies in the new member states of the European Union
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This paper examines goals, themes, instruments and outcomes of research and development policies in ten new Member Countries of the EU. Intensity of the public and business R&D expenditure approaches the EU averages in the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary and Estonia. These countries may consider shifts in their R&D policies and increase importance of indirect forms of support (tax allowances, financial engineering tools), and also cluster policies and networking initiatives. Slovakia, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania and Latvia, on the other hand, should primarily invest in improvements in the R&D infrastructure and increasing stocks and quality of researchers in public and private sectors.
875 – 894
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