Models of the family and styles of upbringing
The study is devoted to the models of family systems and styles of upbringing. The author attempts to show to what extent preferences for a set of definite beliefs regarding family relationships plays a part in implementing a specific style of upbringing in the family. The aim of the study is to clarify whether the implicit model of beliefs about family corresponds with the explicit model, and insofar as these models do not correspond, to discover with which types of family systems the disharmony of models is associated. The author considers that the specific communication pattern plays an important role in the relation between implicit and explicit models of beliefs about family. Research reveals that a symmetrical communication pattern is characteristic of the kind of family environment where harmony reigns between the implicit and explicit models. Conversely, an asymmetrical communication pattern corresponds to disharmony of the parent´s explicit statements and inconsistency in the management of upbringing, which leads to a mixed mode of upbringing that was recorded, which means that in the framework of social interaction the family systems do not function in their pure form. At the individual level the author´s hypothesis was not confirmed: implicit and explicit models of beliefs about family were found to be in harmony.
Ústav etnológie SAV, Klemensova 19, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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