The study addresses the specific topic of the Military Intelligence of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Czechoslovak People´s Army - ČSĽA) during the so called Cold War (time span 1960 - 1989). It focuses on each capabilities of the Military Intelligence built in the context of the tasks performed by the ČSĽA within the Warsaw Pact. Emphasis is put on the intelligence reconnaissance on operational level, intelligence reconnaissance on strategic level and their task in the individual areas of interests. These were located within a predictable area of a future war conflict. The study also focuses on the building of intelligence networks, legal and illegal residencies, the recruitment of assets, the building of contingency wartime intelligence networks, the deployment of reconnaissance assets against central and auxiliary objects of interests in the zone of frontline operations of the ČSĽA, the training of contingency assets units and the exploitation of illegal border crossings to the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and Austria for assets’ training. The emphasis of the study lies on the preparation of the Military Intelligence for a potential war conflict with a presumed adversary - NATO.