Normalizacja stosunków Wietnamu z Chinami
The normalization of Vietnam-China relations: the 10th aniversary note
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Vietnam’s overthrowing the Beijing-backed Pol Pot regime in Cambodia in January 1979 brought it into a direct confrontation with China throughout the 1980s, The withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia in 1989 resulted in the normalization of Vietnam-China relations in November 1991, although other complex issues remained unsettled. In the political sphere, China has undoubtedly become Vietnam’s important partner in the past decade. Good ties with Beijing would benefit Hanoi in terms of security, economic and diplomatic interests. They would also make it possible for Hanoi to gain a promising environment for broadening relations with other countries, breaking the state of isolation and having a better opportunity to carry out its new open foreign policy. The economic ties have significantly improved. If the total trade turnover between the two countries in 1991 valued only US$ 290.84 million, the figure of 2000 was US$ 2,957 million. Now China is Vietnam«s third trading partner. Up to the end of 1999 China had 42 investment projects with a total registered assets of over USS 102.2 million in Vietnam. However, if to consider the investment of the „Greater China”, which includes Taiwan and Hong Kong, China’s total investment will increase sharply, perhaps accounting for 22.8% of Vietnam’s total FDI in the period 1988-1997. The two countries signed major border treaties in 1999 and 2000, laying a foundation for stable relations in the future. There remain, nevertheless, some unresolved problems concerning the dispute over the territorial shelf in the South China Sea, which could disturb their security. Notwithstanding this, Vietnam seems to have been well prepared for living in peace with its giant neighbor, though whether it can do it depends heavily on China’s will as well.
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