Marketing activity in China may be very challenging. This article deals with the cultural aspects of the Chinese consumer and discusses topics on the national character of the Chinese and the profile of the Chinese consumer itself. There are also some suggestions of real-life implications to be used in marketing. The author’s thesis is that cultural values affect the behaviour of the Chinese consumer. In order to prove it, a vast number of references is cited. Although the mainland China is an extremely diversified and fragmented country, general conclusions are drawn.