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2019 | 382 | 38-48

Article title

Analysis of inward and outward foreign direct investments in Slovakia


Title variants

Analiza bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych – przypadek Słowacji

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Foreign direct investment is a widely discussed topic within economic literature. However, especially in conditions of transition economies significant disparities between inward and outward foreign direct investment, from their volume as well as from their nature point of view, are obvious. The objective of the present paper is to provide overview of the volume of inward as well as outward foreign direct investments in Slovakia and subsequently to analyse relationships among different types of foreign direct investments. The analysis is conducted for the period of 2003-2016 using correlation and regression analysis. The results show that foreign direct investment inflows are driven primarily by greenfield projects located in Slovakia, and similarly foreign direct investment outflows are driven by greenfield projects realised by Slovak companies abroad.
Problematyka bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych jest szeroko dyskutowana w literaturze przedmiotu. Wśród dostrzeżonych zależności można wskazać m.in. istotne zróżnicowanie, zarówno w odniesieniu do rozmiarów, jak i charakteru, napływających i wypływających bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych w przypadku gospodarek doświadczających transformacji ustrojowej. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest analiza wolumenu bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych w przypadku Słowacji oraz zbadanie relacji pomiędzy różnymi ich rodzajami. W artykule wykorzystano metody analizy korelacyjnej w odniesieniu do danych z lat 2003-2016. Przeprowadzone badania pozwalają stwierdzić, że napływ bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych do Słowacji jest spowodowany przede wszystkim inwestycjami typu greenfield, natomiast słowackie bezpośrednie inwestycje za granicą mają głównie charakter fuzji i przejęć.






Physical description


  • University of Economics in Bratislava. Faculty of Business Economics with seat in Košice. Department of Management


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